British Policies, 1860-1880, and their 2nd Afghan War 1879 US Policies, 1950-2004, and their War on Terror 2002-2004
A Quiz on which era the following occur in: (answers at bottom)
The Cold War:
1.) Who said "We need to create a buffer against Russian expansion." a.) Britain in Afghanistan, 1870's, against Tsarist Russia
      b.) US in Iran, 1950's, against the Soviet Empire
2.) Who policy is this describing: "The liberal's non-expansionist policy in the area was described as futile, and faulted as stationary, defensive, and negative, in the face of the expanding Russian juggernaut…" a.) Liberals in British Parliament, 1860's, just before the 2nd Afghan War
      b.) Liberals in US Congress, late 1940's, just before the height of the Cold War
3.) Who said "Should Russia, in future years, attempt to conquer Afghanistan, we should have a better chance of attaching the Afghans to our interests if we avoid interference with them in the meantime…" a.) Britain, 1870's, 2nd Afghan War
      b.) US, 1950's, Cold War
4.) Who said "The web of policy so carefully and patiently woven has been rudely shattered; we have to weave a wider web from weaker material…" a.) Britain, 1870's, Lord Lytton, Viceroy of India to Parliament, 2nd Afghan War
      b.) US, 1960's, McNamara to Johnson, Vietnam War
5.) Who does this describe: "His sartorial tastes ran to velvet jackets, bell-bottoms, silk cravats, and jeweled rings." a.) 1877, Lord Lytton, Viceroy of India, during 2nd Afghan War
      b.) 1967, Ringo Starr, the Beatle's drummer, during Vietnam War
6.) Who is this: "His bolder verse touched the limits of his society's propriety." a.) 1870's, Britain, Lord Lytton, Viceroy of India, 2nd Afghan War
      b.) US, 1960's, Alan Ginsberg
7.) Which Country, Time, & War: "Men were simply being murdered… which prompted an outcry from radicals at home…" a.) Britain, 1870's, 2nd Afghan War
      b.) US, 1960's, Vietnam
8.) Who thought "So long as the public thought there was "Peace With Honor", the Government would be popular." a.) Benjamin Disraeli, 1870's, 2nd Afghan War
      b.) Richard Nixon, 1970's, Vietnam War
Russian Occupation of Afghanistan, 1980's:
9.) Who said "We are thoroughly hated and not enough feared." a.) Major Sir Charles MacGregor, Britain, 1870's, 2nd Afghan War
      b.) Advisor to President Reagan, US, 1980's
10.) Which country "started a war to counter Russian influence in Kabul (Afghanistan)…" a.) Britain, 1870's
      b.) US, 1980's
11.) "As Afghanistan's new leader tilted toward the Russians, intervention seemed likely..." a.) Britain, 1870's, Afghanistan
      b.) US, 1980's, Afghanistan
12.) Who said "If Afghanistan accepts our advice, we will help them stave off the Russians with money, arms, and troops…" (but the majority of the liberals rejected this as too interventionist...) a.) Benjamin Disraeli, Prime Minister, Britain, 1870's
      b.) Ronald Reagan, President, The US, 1980's
Desert Storm:
13.) Which General "was a Godsend to politicians and was admired by war's end. He grasped the influence of the press and the camera, and took care to cultivate war correspondents…" a.) British General Sir Frederick Roberts, 1879, 2nd Afghan War
      b.) US General 'Stormin' Norman Schwarzkopf, 1991, Desert Storm
1990's Under Clinton:
14.) "After a chaotic civil war that lasted several years Afghanistan was somewhat unified by…" Pick One: a.) Warlord Sher Ali, 1860's, just before the 2nd Afghan War
      b.) the Taliban, 1990's, just before US War on Terror
15.) Who said "They misunderstand our present inaction…" a.) Sir Bartle Frere, Britain, 1874, concerning Central Asians
      b.) Advisor to Clinton, US, 1990's, concerning Terrorists
War on Terror- Goodbye Taliban, See ya Later Osama, Al Qaeda on the Run:
16.) When did "Afghan leaders fear that posting foreign troops in Afghanistan would be so offensive to Afghans that harm would befall the foreign troops…" a.) British troops, 1870's, 2nd Afghan War
      b.) US troops, 2000's, War on World Terror
17.) Who said "The less they see of us, the less they'll dislike us." a.) British General Roberts, 1879, Afghanistan
      b.) US General Tommy Franks, War on World Terror
18.) Who was "a stereotypical Afghanistan warlord, he tried with limited success to unify Afghanistan's discordant amalgam of feudal duchies and incendiary tribes…" a.) Afghan Warlord, 1860
      b.) Afghan Warlord, 2004
War on Terror- Goodbye Saddam & Sons, Hello Again Loud Liberal Hypocricy:
19.) Which Conservatives "were anxious for a quick end to an unpopular war…" a.) The Conservatives, Britain, 1870's, 2nd Afghan War and Zulu War
      b.) The Conservatives, US, 2003, Iraq War
20.) Who said "What happened after the initial victory could not have been anticipated by any human being…" a.) Lord Lytton, 1879, 2nd Afghan War
      b.) Donald Rumsfeld, 2003, Iraq War
21.) "The War had a divisive effect at home" in which country: a.) Britain, 1870's, 2nd Afghan War
      b.) US, 2002-2004, Iraq War
22.) Which Liberals "spoke of thousands killed, and reminded the voters that the sanctity of all lives that are as valuable as yours…" a.) Liberals, Britain, 1879, 2nd Afghan War
      b.) Liberals, US, 2003, Iraq War
23.) Which Conservatives "had defeated the Liberals in the previous elections…" a.) Britain, 1870's, just before the 2nd Afghan War
      b.) US, 2000-2002, just before the War on Terror
24.) Who concluded "that even their good public works done for the occupied country were a swindle…" a.) Wilfred Scawen Blunt, Britain in India, 1880
      b.) Liberals, on US's rebuilding of Iraq, 2003
2004 US Presidential Election:
25.) Which Liberal leaders "attacked the Conservative's foreign policy, and made it central to their campaign." a.) Britain, 1870's, Liberal Party, 2nd Afghan War
      b.) US, 2004, Democratic Party, Iraq War
26.) Which Conservatives " countered the Liberal platitudes, turning the election into a plebiscite on imperial wars." a.) British Conservatives, 1880 Parliamentary Elections
      b.) US Conservatives, 2004 Presidential Election
Bonus: WWI Analogy:
27.) Bonus: Which Congress "ruthlessly reduced the US military to little more than a corporal's guard…" a.) US, 1920's, post World War I, contributing to emboldening of tyrants around the world and eventually World War II.
      b.) US, 1990's, post Cold War, contributing to the emboldening of tyrants around the world and eventually the War on Terror.
  ANSWERS:     Both answers are correct for all questions except 10) the US did not start a war in Afghanistan to preclude Soviet expansion; 17) Tommy Franks never said that, 26) Only a fool would equate spreading freedom with Imperialism.
If you still think bellbottoms, radicals, pushing social norms, an unpopular and divisive war, Conservatives, Liberals, containing Russian expansion, aiding Afghan rebels, non-expansionist policies, the use of the press, the use of cameras, the use of war correspondents, questionable country-building public works contracts, insensitivity to other cultures, military cuts with dire world consequences, and anti-war election themes are all unique to late 20th century America, then you've failed this history lesson.
    Resource: Article "Standoff in Afghanistan", by Karl E. Meyer, from MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History / Autumn 2002; which was adapted from Tournament of Shadows: Race for Empire in Southeast Asia (Counterpoint, 1999), by Karl E. Meyer and Shareen Blair Brysac.
2nd Afghan War pictures from the Illustrated London News and The Graphic
Gatling bastion of Sherpore garrison at night. 180K ILN
The attack on the Bala Hissar in Kabul - left side of big two page picture 291K ILN
The attack on the Bala Hissar in Kabul - right side of big two page picture 296K ILN
The attack on the Bala Hissar in Kabul- both sides 229K
Bengal Lancers in Jugdulluk Pass 234K ILN
Birdseye view of Sherpore Cantonment 122K ILN
North end of the Sherpore defences 186K ILN
Afghan tribemsen fighting from a sangar 262K ILN
Afridi picket in the Khyber Pass 105K GR
Bridge on the Surkhab River 189K ILN
Hospital Dhoolis 353K ILN
Reconnoitring 349K ILN
Afghan War - native raft 169K Gr
Officer portraits 85K ILN
Afghan War officer portraits 88K ILN
Minar Chakri and Afghan farmer - two pictures 183K ILN
Mountain gorge below Ali Musjid 122K GR
View of Khyber Pass from summit of Ali Musjid 235K GR
Guns captured at Ali Musjid 144K GR
Officers of the 51st King's Own Light Infantry 168K GR
An Elephant removing a dead camel from camp 99K GR
With Roberts - Questioning a Khan regarding the enemy 101K GR
Gough's camp at Gundamuk 118K ILN
Gurkha camp 218K ILN
Mountain Gun Battery 195K ILN
Afghan Chieftain and Followers 227K ILN
Two Afghan Moutaineers 217K ILN
Amir's Highlander and Cavalryman 160K ILN
The Lahore Gate of the Bala Hissar 177K ILN
The Guides on Review 128K ILN
Camp of the 10th Hussars in Afghanistan 323K ILN
A Kabul Bazaar 290K ILN
Kabul Residency with callouts 312K ILN
Kabul Residency interior 325K ILN
Kabul Residency interior looking south 170K ILN
A village in the Khyber Pass 162K ILN
A plan of Kabul 191K ILN
Zulu War pictures from the Illustrated London News and The Graphic
Isandlwana 455K GR
The Prince Imperial at bay 221K ILN
17th Lancers searching for Zulu scouts after the death of the Prince Imperial 222K ILN
Sekolkuni's Town and the camp of the 94th 265K ILN
After Rorke's Drift 726K GR
With the Native Contingent - Zulu War 226K GR
Yakub Khan at a review at Gandamuck 132K ILN
Wolsey's camp at Ulundi 127K ILN
Evacuation of the Zululand - 21st Royal Scots Fusiliers 522K ILN
Men of HMS Shah at Ginghilovo 312K ILN
The new bridge over the Tugela River 181K ILN
War news from the Illustrated London News
There's some more coming and I have some more formatting to do to paste a couple of these together.
Afghan War - February 1, 1879 86K
Afghan War - February 8, 1879 441K
Afghan War - February 15, 1879 445K
Zulu War - February 15, 1879 524K
Both - February 15, 1879 (bottom section of page) 524K
Afghan War - October 11, 1879 524K
Zulu War - October 11, 1879 534K
Source Website for Pictures and War News
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